ABERRATION
1: a departure from rational thought or behavior. From the Latin, aberrare, to wander from; Latin, ab, away, errare, to wander. It means basically to err, to make mistakes, or more specifically to have fixed ideas which are not true. The word is also used in its scientific sense. It means departure from a straight line. If a line should go from A to B, then if it is "aberrated" it would go from A to some other point, to some other point, to some other point, to some other point, to some other point and finally arrive at B. Taken in its scientific sense, it would also mean the lack of straightness or to see crookedly as, for example, a man sees a horse but thinks he sees an elephant. Aberrated conduct would be wrong conduct, or conduct not supported by reason. When a person has engrams, these tend to deflect what would be his normal ability to see truth and bring about an aberrated view of situations which then would cause an aberrated reaction to them. Aberration is opposed to sanity which would be its opposite. From: Games Congress

ABERRATIONS
1: departures from rational thought or behavior. From the Latin, aberrare, to wander from; Latin, ab, away, errare, to wander. It means basically to err, to make mistakes, or more specifically to have fixed ideas which are not true. The word is also used in its scientific sense. It means departure from a straight line. If a line should go from A to B, then if it is "aberrated" it would go from A to some other point, to some other point, to some other point, to some other point, to some other point and finally arrive at B. Taken in its scientific sense, it would also mean the lack of straightness or to see crookedly as, in example, a man sees a horse but thinks he sees an elephant. From: Success Congress

ABERRATIVE
1: causing or producing aberration, departure from rational thought or behavior. See also aberration. From: Theta Clear Congress, Freedom Congress, Clean Hands Congress

ADVANCED CLINICAL COURSE
1: one of a number of courses delivered during the years 1953 to 1961. Attended by experienced Scientologists, these courses were personally delivered by L. Ron Hubbard, where he lectured and supervised practical application of auditing techniques to free the spirit. From: Games Congress

ARC
1: a word made from the initial letters of Affinity, Reality and Communication, which together equate to Understanding. Affinity, Reality and Communication are the necessary components to an understanding of all Life and one's relationship to the Universe. Only when one has achieved complete ARC with all things can one truly understand the Creator and one's relationship to God. From: Clearing Success Congress

ARC BREAK
1: a sudden drop in affinity, reality or communication. From: State of Man Congress
2: a sudden drop or cutting of Affinity (A), Reality (R) or Communication (C) with someone or something. Upsets with people or things (ARC breaks) come about because of a lessening or sundering (breaking apart) of Affinity, Reality or Communication or Understanding. It is called an ARC break instead of an upset because if one discovers which of the three points of understanding have been cut, one can bring about a rapid recovery in the person's state of mind. From: Clearing Success Congress
3: shorthand for a sudden drop in affinity, reality and communication, which is painful. It is just a sudden shock, you might say, of interrupted affinity, reality and communication. From: Melbourne Congress

AUDITING
1: a special form of personal counseling, unique in Scientology, which helps an individual look at his own existence and improves his ability to confront what he is and where he is. Auditing is a precise, thoroughly codified activity with exact procedures. Also called processing. From: State of Man Congress
2: the application of Dianetics and Scientology processes to a person. A process is a set of questions asked or directions given by an auditor to help a person find out things about himself or life and to improve his condition. From: London Congress on Dissemination & Help
3: the application of Dianetics and Scientology techniques (called processes). Processes are directly concerned with increasing the ability of the individual to survive, with increasing his sanity or ability to reason, his physical ability and his general enjoyment of life. Also called processing. From: London Congress on Human Problems
4: the name for the Scientology practice which frees the person from spiritual bondage bringing personal enlightenment and freedom, as a spiritual being. Also called processing. From: London Clearing Congress
5: the name for the Scientology practice which frees the person from spiritual bondage bringing personal enlightenment and freedom, as a spiritual being. Also called processing. From: Clean Hands Congress

BANK (also REACTIVE BANK)
1: used to describe a storage of information in the mind. A bank is a storage device of a computer where data was once stored on a group or series of cards called a bank. From: Anatomy of the Spirit of Man Congress
2: from computer terminology where a bank was a storage device of a computer where data was once stored on a group or series of cards called a bank. From: Clearing Success Congress
From: London Congress on Human Problems
3: same as reactive mind. As defined in Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health, the reactive mind is that portion of the mind which files and retains physical pain and painful emotion and seeks to direct the organism solely on a stimulus-response basis. It thinks only in identities. From: South African Anatomy Congress, Anatomy of the Human Mind Congress, State of Man Congress

BEINGNESS
1: condition or state of being. From: Theta Clear Congress
2: the condition of being is defined as "the result of having assumed an identity." It could be said to be the role in a game and an example of beingness could be one's own name. Another example would be one's profession. Another example would be one's physical characteristics. Each or all of these things could be called one's beingness. Beingness is assumed by oneself or given to oneself or is attained. For example, in the playing of a game each player has his own beingness. From: Clean Hands Congress
3: the result of having assumed an identity. From: Melbourne Congress

BRIDGE
1: a reference to the bridge as described in Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health that spans a chasm between a lower and a higher plateau between one state of man and a next. From: Games Congress
2: communication bridge, a procedure in auditing which simply closes off the process the auditor was running, maintains ARC and opens up the new process on which the auditor is about to embark. From: Success Congress
3: 1. a raised structure on a ship, usually in the forward part, from which it is controlled while underway. 2. any of several card games played with one deck of cards divided between four players who play in two pairs. From: Anatomy of the Spirit of Man Congress
4: a connecting route or phase between two adjacent elements, activities, conditions. From: Clearing Success Congress
5: the raised deck or platform on a ship, usually in the forward part, from which the ship is controlled while underway. From: London Congress on Human Problems, London Clearing Congress

BRIEFING COURSE
1: the purpose of the Saint Hill Special Briefing Course is to make the auditors and instructors who make the auditors and instructors over the world and to put the final polish on auditing.

BULL-BAITING
1: in coaching certain drills, the coach attempts to find certain actions, words, phrases, mannerisms or subjects that cause the student doing the drill to become distracted from the drill by reacting to the coach. As a bullfighter attempts to attract the bull's attention and control the bull, so does the coach attempt to attract and control the student's attention, however the coach flunks the student whenever he succeeds in distracting the student from the drill and then repeats the action until it no longer has any effect on the student. Taken from a Spanish and English sport of "baiting" which means "to set dogs upon a chained bull," but mainly "to attack or torment especially with persistent insult, criticism or ridicule." Also "to tease."

BUTTON
1: 1. things in particular that each human being finds aberrative and has in common. 2. that computation or foible or quirk of the human mind which can be made right by merely touching one factor. This term comes from the idea of pushing a button to activate something, as in an electrical or mechanical device. From: London Congress on Dissemination & Help
2: an item, word, phrase, subject or area that causes response or reaction in an individual. This term comes from the idea of pushing a button to activate something, as in an electrical or mechanical device. From: Melbourne Congress, London Congress on Human Problems
3: it is called button because when you push it (say it) you can get a meter reaction. From: Clearing Success Congress
4: one of the things that each human being finds aberrative and has in common. This term comes from the idea of pushing a button to activate something, as in an electrical or mechanical device. From: London Congress on Nuclear Radiation, Control and Health, Games Congress
5: that computation or foible (weakness or silly habit) or quirk of the human mind which can be made right by merely touching one factor. This term comes from the idea of pushing a button to activate something, as in an electrical or mechanical device. From: Anti-Radiation Congress, Clearing Congress, London Clearing Congress, Success Congress, Ability Congress, Theta Clear Congress, State of Man Congress, Anatomy of the Spirit of Man Congress

CASE
1: 1. the way a person responds to the world around him by reason of his aberrations (departures from rational thought or behavior). 2. a general term for a person being treated or helped, particularly one who is being audited. From: Melbourne Congress
2: a general term for a person being treated or helped, particularly one who is being audited. From: Clean Hands Congress
3: a general term for a person being treated or helped. It is also used to mean the entire accumulation of upsets, pain, failures, etc., residing in a person's reactive mind. From: Clearing Success Congress

CCH
1: a reference to a series of processes dealing with control, communication and havingness. The CCHs are several associated processes which bring a person into better control of his body and surroundings, put him into better communication with his surroundings and other people, and increase his ability to have things for himself. They bring him into the present, away from his past problems. From: Melbourne Congress
2: stands for Control, Communication and Havingness, a series of processes which are fully described in the lectures of 7 July 1957, "CCH: Steps 1-4 Demo" and "CCH: Steps 5-7" in this lecture series. From: Freedom Congress

CIRCUIT
1: 1. a part of an individual's bank that behaves as though it were someone or something separate from him and that either talks to him or goes into action of its own accord, and may even, if severe enough, take control of him while it operates. 2. a system of electrical components and wires forming a complete path around which an electrical current can flow. From: Anatomy of the Spirit of Man Congress
2: a kind of a subsidiary valence. A circuit is a mechanism which modifies a valence. A circuit is a solution to the realization that the valence can often be wrong, so therefore needs dictation to or needs things hidden from it. So you've got a circuit. And you set up a valence that can think, allegedly, and then you set up a circuit to modify the thinking of the valence. From: Clearing Success Congress
3: a part of an individual's bank that behaves as though it were someone or something separate from him and that either talks to him or goes into action of its own accord, and may even, if severe enough, take control of him while it operates. From: Ability Congress, Clearing Congress, Freedom Congress
4: a pseudopersonality ( pseudo means false, pretended) out of a facsimile strong enough to dictate to the individual and be the individual. See Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health. From: Success Congress, Anatomy of the Human Mind Congress

CLASSIFICATION, GRADATION AND AWARENESS CHART
1: the route to Clear, the Bridge. On the right side of the chart there are various steps called the states of release. The left-hand side of the chart describes the very important steps of training on which one gains the knowledge and abilities necessary to deliver the grades of release to another. It is a guide for the individual from the point where he first becomes dimly aware of a Scientologist or Scientology and shows him how and where he should move up in order to make it. Scientology contains the entire map for getting the individual through all the various points on this gradation scale and for getting him across the bridge to a higher state of existence.

CLEAR
1: an unaberrated person. He is rational in that he forms the best possible solutions he can on the data he has and from his viewpoint. He is called a "Clear" because his basic personality, his self-determinism, his education and experience have been cleared of aberrative engrams, secondaries and locks. See Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health and Science of Survival. From: State of Man Congress
2: the name of a state achieved through auditing or an individual who has achieved this state. A Clear is an unaberrated person. He is rational in that he forms the best possible solutions he can on the data he has and from his viewpoint. He is called a "Clear" because his basic personality, his self-determinism, his education and experience have been cleared of aberrative engrams, secondaries and locks. From: Freedom Congress
3: to the state or condition of being a Clear--an unaberrated person. He is rational in that he forms the best possible solutions he can on the data he has and from his viewpoint. He obtains the maximum pleasure for the organism, present and future, as well as for the subjects along the other dynamics. The Clear has no engrams which can be restimulated to throw out the correctness of computation by entering hidden and false data into it. From: London Congress on Human Problems

COMPARABLE MAGNITUDE
1: a datum can only be evaluated by comparison with another datum of comparable magnitude. This means that the basic unit must, therefore, be two. Comparable means capable of being compared; having features in common with something else to permit or suggest comparison. Magnitude means relative size, amount, importance, extent or influence. From: Melbourne Congress

CRACK (EVERY) CASE
1: solve or unmistakably improve a case (and preclear is fully aware of it). From: Anatomy of the Human Mind Congress

CYCLE OF ACTION
1: reference to the cycle of action of life: creation, survival and destruction. Survival could be said to be any change, whether in size or in age or in position in space. The essence of survival is change. Creation is starting. Destruction is stopping. From: Theta Clear Congress
2: the cycle of action is an apparency as follows: create, then survive, then destroy; or creation, survival, destruction. First there is creation. Then this is followed by survival. Then this is followed by destruction. Apparency = appears to be, as distinct from what actually is. This cycle is only an apparency. It is what we see, what we behold, what we believe. We consider that it is so and we then see it so. From: Clearing Success Congress
3: the cycle of action of this universe is start, change and stop. This is also the anatomy of control. Almost the entire subject of control is summed up in the ability to start, change and stop one's activities, body and his environment. From: Freedom Congress

DEADLY QUARTET
these processes are four in number. They are designed as classes of processes to handle these four points: (1) Help factor, (2) Control factor, (3) pc Communication factor, (4) Interest factor. Unless these four points are present in a session, it is improbable, in a great number of cases that any real, lasting gain will be made. From: London Congress on Dissemination & Help

DIANETICS
1: Dianetics means "through the mind" or "through the soul" (from Greek dia, "through" and nous, "mind" or "soul"). It is a system of coordinated axioms which resolve problems concerning human behavior and psychosomatic illnesses. It combines a workable technique and a thoroughly validated method for increasing sanity, by erasing unwanted sensations and unpleasant emotions. From: State of Man Congress, London Clearing Congress
2: from Greek dia "through," and nous "mind" or "soul"; what the soul is doing to the body. See Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health and Science of Survival. From: Anatomy of the Human Mind Congress

DISSEMINATION
1: spreading or scattering broadly. By dissemination in a Scientology organization we mean making broadly known the materials, services and results of Dianetics and Scientology through books, promotional material, letters, films or other media or activities, including word of mouth. From: Melbourne Congress

DYNAMIC
1: active, energetic, effective, forceful, motivating, as opposed to static. From: Anatomy of the Spirit of Man Congress
2: active, energetic, effective, forceful, motivating. From: Melbourne Congress
3: the dynamics are the urge to survive, expressed through a spectrum, which is here given with eight divisions: (1) self, (2) sex and children, (3) the group, (4) mankind, (5) life, all organisms, (6) the material universe, (7) thought, spirit, (8) infinity or Supreme Being. From: London Congress on Dissemination & Help

DYNAMICS
1: the dynamics are the urge to survive, expressed through a spectrum, with eight divisions. These are urges for survival as or through (1) self; (2) sex, the family and the future generation; (3) groups; (4) mankind; (5) life, all organisms; (6) matter, energy, space and time-- mest --the physical universe; (7) spirits; and (8) the Supreme Being. The subject of the dynamics is contained in Science of Survival. From: Ability Congress, Freedom Congress
2: there could be said to be eight urges (drives, impulses) in life. These are motives or motivations. They are called the eight dynamics. 1. The first dynamic is the urge toward existence as one's self. Here we have individuality expressed fully. 2. The second dynamic is the urge toward existence as a sexual activity. This dynamic actually has two divisions. Second dynamic (a) is the sexual act itself and the second dynamic (b) is the family unit including the rearing of children. 3. The third dynamic is the urge toward existence in groups of individuals. Any group or part of an entire class could be considered to be a part of the third dynamic. The school, the society, the town, the nation are each part of the third dynamic and each one is a third dynamic. 4. The fourth dynamic is the urge toward existence as or of mankind. Whereas one race would be considered a third dynamic, all the races would be considered the fourth dynamic. 5. The fifth dynamic is the urge toward existence of the animal kingdom. This includes all living things whether vegetable or animal. The fish in the sea, the beasts of the field, or of the forest, grass, trees, flowers or anything directly and intimately motivated by life. 6. The sixth dynamic is the urge toward existence as the physical universe. The physical universe is composed of matter, energy, space and time. In Scientology we take the first letter of each of these words and coin a word, mest . 7. The seventh dynamic is the urge toward existence as or of spirits. Anything spiritual, with or without identity, would come under the heading of the seventh dynamic. 8. The eighth dynamic is the urge toward existence as infinity. This is also identified as the Supreme Being. This is called the eighth dynamic because the symbol of infinity stood upright makes the numeral "8." Scientologists usually call these by number. From: Clearing Success Congress, London Congress on Human Problems, Melbourne Congress, State of Man Congress

E-METER
1: full name electropsychometer, from electro (electricity), psyche (soul) and meter (measure), an electronic device for measuring the mental state or change of state of Homo sapiens. It is not a lie detector. It does not diagnose or cure anything. It is used by auditors to assist the preclear in locating areas of spiritual distress or travail. From: Melbourne Congress, Clean Hands Congress

EAST GRINSTEAD
1: a town in Sussex, England, approximately 35 miles (45 kilometers) south of London, where Saint Hill is located. See also Saint Hill Manor. From: Melbourne Congress
2: an urban district in the county of Sussex, England where Saint Hill (L. Ron Hubbard's English residence at the time of this lecture) is located. From: State of Man Congress

ENGRAM
1: a mental image picture which is a recording of a moment of pain and unconsciousness. This recording can be later brought into play by a similar word or environment and causes the individual to act as though in the presence of danger. They force the individual into patterns of thinking and behavior which are not called for by a reasonable appraisal of the situation. From: South African Anatomy Congress, Anatomy of the Human Mind Congress
2: a moment of "unconsciousness" containing physical pain or painful emotion and all perceptions, which is not available to the analytical mind (conscious, aware mind) as experience. It is a complete recording, down to the last accurate detail, of every perception present in a moment of partial or full "unconsciousness." From: Theta Clear Congress, State of Man Congress, Anti-Radiation Congress, Ability Congress, Clearing Congress

EXTERIORIZE
1: cause a thetan to move outside of the body. From: Ability Congress

FIRST DYNAMIC
1: see dynamics. From: State of Man Congress
2: the dynamic of self consists of the dynamic thrust to survive as an individual, to obtain pleasures as an individual and to avoid pain. It covers the general field of food, clothing and shelter, personal ambition and general individual purpose. From: London Congress on Human Problems
3: the urge toward existence as one's self. Here we have individuality expressed fully. This can be called the self dynamic. From: Ability Congress

GOALS PROBLEM MASS
1: the goal (of a preclear) has been balked for eons by opposing forces. The goal pointed one way, the opposing forces point exactly opposite and against it. If you took two fire hoses and pointed them at each other, their streams would not reach each other's nozzles, but would splatter against one another in midair. If this splatter were to hang there, it would be a ball of messed-up water. Call Hose A the force the preclear has used to execute his goal. Call Hose B the force the other dynamics have used to oppose that goal. Where these two forces have perpetually met, a mental mass is created. This is the picture of any problem--force opposing force with resultant mass. Where the preclear's goal meets constant opposition, you have in the reactive mind the resultant mass caused by the two forces--goal = the force of getting it done; opposition = force opposing it getting done. This is the Goals Problem Mass. From: Clearing Success Congress
2: the goal has been balked for eons by opposing forces. The goal pointed one way, the opposing forces point exactly opposite and against it. If you took two fire hoses and pointed them at each other, their streams would not reach each other's nozzles, but would splatter against one another in midair. If this splatter were to hang there, it would be a ball of messed up water. Call hose A the force the pc has used to execute his goal. Call hose B the force other dynamics have used to oppose that goal. Where these two forces have perpetually met, a mental mass is created. This is the picture of any problem--force opposing force with resultant mass. Where the pc's goal meets constant opposition, you have in the reactive mind the resultant mass caused by the two forces--goal = force of getting it done, opposition = force opposing it getting done. This is the Goal Problem Mass. From: Clean Hands Congress

HAVINGNESS
1: owning, possessing, being capable of commanding, positioning, taking charge of objects, energies or spaces. The essential definition of having is to be able to touch or permeate or to direct the disposition of. Specific processes designed to increase the preclear's havingness are referred to as Havingness. From: Ability Congress, Games Congress
2: the concept of being able to reach. By havingness we mean owning, possessing, being capable of commanding, taking charge of objects, energies and spaces. Specific processes exist in Scientology to help a preclear increase his havingness, and these are appropriately called Havingness Processes. From: Clearing Success Congress

HELP
1: an act or instance of giving aid or support. Above 2.0 a person helps and can be helped, providing, of course, the help is sincere and really is help. Below this point help becomes betrayal. Help is not injurious. Help is not the best way to hurt. Help is just help. From: London Congress on Dissemination & Help
2: any of many different processes addressing the subject of Help, such as one in which the auditor alternately asks the preclear, "How can you help me?" and "How can I help you?" Help is described in "Clear Procedure (CCH 0--Help)" and "Clear Procedure (Creativeness)," lectures 5 and 6 of this congress. From: Clearing Congress
3: any of many different processes addressing the subject of help. People have been betrayed so often on the whole track that they get help mixed up with betrayal. Help processes straighten that up. From: South African Anatomy Congress, Anatomy of the Human Mind Congress

IDENTITY
1: the condition of being oneself or itself, and not another. From: Clean Hands Congress

INCIDENT
1: an individual occurrence or event. From: State of Man Congress, London Clearing Congress, South African Anatomy Congress
2: an occurrence or event, sometimes comparatively trivial in itself, which precipitates or could precipitate political unrest, open warfare, etc. From: London Congress on Nuclear Radiation, Control and Health

INVERTED
1: 1. reversed in position or order; turned in the opposite direction. 2. turned or changed to the opposite or contrary. From: Games Congress
2: placed in the opposite position, relationship or direction to the one it was in before. From: Success Congress
3: reversed in position or order; turned in the opposite direction. From: South African Anatomy Congress
4: reversed in position, order or sequence, turned in the opposite direction (as in "an inverted value" ). From: Anti-Radiation Congress

MACHINERY
1: 1. the parts or collection of something mechanical: having to do with physical or material objects, engines, etc. 2. an actual machine in the mind (like ordinary machinery) constructed out of mental mass and energy, that has been made by the individual to do work for him, usually having been set up to come into operation automatically under certain predetermined circumstances. From: Anatomy of the Spirit of Man Congress
2: a group of people or a system by which action is maintained or by which some result is obtained. From: Games Congress
3: an actual machine in the mind (like ordinary machinery) constructed out of mental mass and energy, that has been made by the individual to do work for him, usually having been set up so as to come into operation automatically under certain predetermined circumstances. From: Freedom Congress, State of Man Congress, Clearing Congress, South African Anatomy Congress
4: the machines of a thetan. A machine is a pattern of thought which may or may not have mass, which may or may not have been set up someplace in one's beingness. But it is simply a pattern of thought which one starts running and stops running. If it goes fully on automatic, one doesn't start it, he depends on the environment to start it. From: London Congress on Nuclear Radiation, Control and Health, London Clearing Congress

MEST
1: a coined word, meaning matter, energy, space and time, the physical universe. All physical phenomena may be considered as energy operating in space and time. The movement of matter or energy in time is the measure of space. All things are mest except theta.

MILESTONE
1: a significant or important event or stage in the life, progress, development or the like of a person, subject, mankind, etc. A milestone is a stone or pillar set up to show the distance in miles to or from a specific place. From: Anatomy of the Spirit of Man Congress
2: a significant point in any progress or development. From: Ability Congress

OPERATING THETAN
1: a being who is at knowing and willing cause over form, matter, energy, space, time, life. From: Theta Clear Congress
2: knowing and willing cause over all dynamics. From: Clearing Success Congress
3: one who is able to continue in this universe and to handle it as a thetan without a secondary agency called a body. From: Anatomy of the Spirit of Man Congress

ORG
1: an abbreviation for organization, by which is meant a Church of Scientology. From: Clean Hands Congress

ORGANIZING BOARD
1. a board which displays the functions, duties, sequences of action and authorities of an organization. The org board shows the pattern of organizing to obtain a product.

OVERT
1: a harmful act performed against another. It is an overt act to the degree that it violates the optimum solution, the greatest good for the greatest number of dynamics. From: South African Anatomy Congress
2: open to view or knowledge; plainly or readily apparent. From: London Congress on Human Problems

POSTULATE
1: 1. a conclusion, decision or resolution of a problem or the setting of a pattern for the future or the nullification of a pattern of the past. 2. to conclude, decide or resolve a problem or to set a pattern for the future or to nullify a pattern of the past. From: State of Man Congress
2: a conclusion, decision or resolution made by the individual himself on his own self-determinism on data of the past known or unknown. The postulate is always known. It is made upon the evaluation of data by the individual or on impulse without data. It resolves a problem of the past, decides on problems of observations in the present or sets a pattern for the future. From: Melbourne Congress

PREHAVINGNESS SCALE
1: a scale developed in early 1961 which includes various levels, such as Havingness/Failed Havingness, Interest/Failed Interest, Communication/Failed Communication, Control/Failed Control, Help/Failed Help, etc. It is described in the lecture "Evolution of Early Research--Prehav Scale," in this series. From: South African Anatomy Congress
2: an assessment scale used in auditing. Havingness is the make-break point of a case. Before one attained havingness he ran a "before-havingness" process hence "pre (before) have." When the full scale was achieved he could have. See also havingness. From: Clean Hands Congress

PRESENT TIME PROBLEM
1: a present time problem is one which has its elements in the material universe in present time, which is going on now, and which would demand the preclear's attention to such an extent that he would feel he had better be doing something about it rather than be audited. From: Ability Congress
2: a problem is two or more opposing and conflicting views on the same subject. A present time problem is a problem which has its elements in the material universe in present time, which is going on now, and which would demand the preclear's attention to such an extent that he would feel he had better be doing something about it rather than be audited. From: London Congress on Dissemination & Help
3: one that exists in present time, in a real universe. It is any set of circumstances that so engages the attention of the preclear that he feels he should be doing something about it instead of being audited. From: State of Man Congress
4: one which has its elements in the material universe in present time, which is going on NOW, and which would demand the preclear's attention to such an extent that he would feel he had better be doing something about it rather than be audited. From: Freedom Congress
5: the definition of a problem is intention versus intention or "two or more opposing and conflicting views on the same subject." A present time problem is a special problem that exists in the physical universe now on which the pc has his attention fixed. From: Clearing Success Congress

PURIFICATION RUNDOWN
1: The purpose of this rundown is to clean out and purify one's body of all accumulated impurities such as drugs, insecticides, pesticides, food preservatives and other toxins which could delay one's spiritual progress in Scientology.

REACTIVE
1: irrational, reacting instead of acting. From: Theta Clear Congress, London Congress on Human Problems, Anatomy of the Human Mind Congress
2: of or characteristic of the reactive mind. From: Clean Hands Congress

RIDGE
1: a solid accumulation of old, inactive energy suspended in space and time. A ridge is generated by opposing energy flows which hit one another, and continues to exist long after the energy flows have ceased. From: Clearing Success Congress
2: a solid body of energy; essentially, suspended energy in space around a person. From: Games Congress, Freedom Congress, Anatomy of the Spirit of Man Congress
3: essentially, suspended energy in space. Ridges exist in suspension around a person and are the foundation upon which facsimiles (mental pictures) are built. From: Clearing Congress

SAINT HILL MANOR
1: the name of the manor (large house and its land) purchased by L. Ron Hubbard in 1959, located in East Grinstead, Sussex, England. It served as the home of HCO WW at the time of this lecture. From: State of Man Congress

SCIENTOLOGY
1: Dianetics was the forerunner of Scientology. By use of Dianetics it became apparent that it dealt not with cells and cellular memory, but with a human spirit that defied time. Scientology addresses the world of thought, of life itself. Its target is spiritual freedom and ability. The term is taken from the Latin word scio (knowing in the fullest sense of the word), and the Greek word logos (study of). In itself the word means literally knowing how to know. It is further defined as the study and handling of the spirit in relationship to itself, universes and other life. From: State of Man Congress
2: Scientology is the study and handling of the spirit in relationship to itself, universes and other life. The term Scientology is taken from the Latin scio, which means "knowing in the fullest sense of the word" and the Greek word logos, meaning "study of." In itself the word means literally "knowing how to know." From: London Congress on Dissemination & Help
3: the science of knowing how to know. From: Anatomy of the Human Mind Congress

SESSION
1: a continuous series of sittings or meetings of an official body such as the US Senate. From: Clearing Success Congress
2: a period of time during which auditing occurs. From: Clean Hands Congress

SUBZERO SCALE
1: a reference to the Subzero Tone Scale, which includes the thetan scale range from 0.0 or body death to -8.0, hiding. The Subzero Tone Scale first appeared in the book, Scientology 8-80. From: London Congress on Nuclear Radiation, Control and Health
2: that part of the Tone Scale below zero, which is the level of death. See the Subzero Tone Scale in this guide booklet. From: Anti-Radiation Congress

SUSSEX
1: a large county on the southeastern coast of England. From: London Congress on Dissemination & Help
2: a county in southeast England. From: State of Man Congress
3: former county of southeastern England, now divided into two counties, East Sussex and West Sussex. Saint Hill is located in East Grinstead, East Sussex. From: Theta Clear Congress
4: the name of a county in the southeast of England where Saint Hill Manor is located in East Grinstead, England. From: Clearing Success Congress

THETA
1: characteristic of the life force, life energy, divine energy, élan vital, or by any other name, the energy peculiar to life which acts upon material in the physical universe and animates it, mobilizes it and changes it. The term comes from the Greek letter theta (θ), which the ancient Greeks used to represent thought or perhaps spirit. From: Games Congress
2: Greek letter (θ) which the ancient Greeks used to represent thought. From: London Congress on Nuclear Radiation, Control and Health
3: the energy of thought and life. Theta is reason, serenity, stability, happiness, cheerful emotion, persistence and the other factors which man ordinarily considers desirable. The complete description of theta is contained in Science of Survival. From: State of Man Congress
4: the energy of thought and Life. Theta is reason, serenity, stability, happiness, cheerful emotion, persistence and the other factors which Man ordinarily considers desirable. The complete description of theta is contained in Science of Survival. From: Clean Hands Congress

THETAN
1: the living unit, the individual or actual identity as distinct from the body. The word is taken from the Greek letter theta (θ), the mathematical symbol used in Scientology to indicate the source of life and life itself. From: London Congress on Dissemination & Help
2: the person himself--not his body or his name the physical universe, his mind, or anything else; that which is aware of being aware; the identity which is the individual. The term was coined to eliminate any possible confusion with older, invalid concepts. It comes from the Greek letter theta (θ), which the Greeks used to represent thought or perhaps spirit. From: Clean Hands Congress
3: the personality and beingness which actually is the individual and is aware of being aware and is ordinarily and normally the "person" and who the individual thinks he is. The thetan is immortal and is possessed of capabilities well in excess of those hitherto predicted for man. From: State of Man Congress, Anatomy of the Spirit of Man Congress

THIRD DYNAMIC
1: see dynamics. From: State of Man Congress
2: the urge toward existence in groups of individuals. Any group or part of an entire class could be considered to be a part of the third dynamic. The school, the society, the town, the nation are each part of the third dynamic and each one is a third dynamic. From: Ability Congress, London Congress on Human Problems, Anatomy of the Spirit of Man Congress

TONE 40
1: a positive postulate with no counter-thought--expected, anticipated or anything else; that is, total control. The name Tone 40 comes from the top position of the Tone Scale, which is Serenity of Beingness. From: London Congress on Dissemination & Help
2: a reference to auditing that uses Tone 40, the highest tone level on the Tone Scale, Serenity of Beingness. At Tone 40 one gives a command and just knows that it will be executed despite any contrary appearances. In other words Tone 40 is positive postulating. From: Clearing Congress
3: positive direction with total intention, considerations, start, change and stop. Tone 40 is defined in the lecture of 4 July 1957, "Definition of Control" in this lecture series. From: Freedom Congress
4: the highest point on the Tone Scale. Tone 40 means one is handling something in present time, directly and with intention without reservation. From: London Congress on Nuclear Radiation, Control and Health, London Clearing Congress

TONE
1: the momentary or continuing emotional state of the person. From: London Congress on Dissemination & Help

TONE SCALE
1: a scale of emotional tones which shows the levels of human behavior. These tones, ranged from the highest to the lowest, are, in part, enthusiasm, conservatism, boredom, antagonism, anger, covert hostility, fear, grief and apathy. From: State of Man Congress, Clearing Congress, London Congress on Human Problems, Clearing Success Congress, Melbourne Congress, Clean Hands Congress

TRAINING DRILLS
1: practical drills, also referred to as TRs, which address (and can greatly increase) a student's ability in such areas as communication and control. From: Clearing Congress
2: practical exercises that train an auditor in proper auditing procedure. From: London Clearing Congress

TRS
1: see Training Drills. From: Clearing Congress
2: TRs stands for training drills. They are practical exercises that train an auditor in proper auditing procedure. From: London Clearing Congress
3: an abbreviation for training drills. TRs are practical drills which improve a student's ability in such areas as communication and control. From: Clearing Success Congress, South African Anatomy Congress, Anatomy of the Human Mind Congress
4: an abbreviation for training drills. TRs are a vital part of an auditor's training and enable him to improve his level of communication skill such as confronting, speaking so he can be heard, acknowledging, being able to repeat commands, handling originations and other skills. From: Ability Congress

UPPER INDOC
1: short for Upper Indoctrination, a series of training drills designed to bring about in the student the willingness and ability to handle and control other people's bodies and to cheerfully confront another person while giving that person commands. Also to maintain a high level of control in any circumstances. From: State of Man Congress, Ability Congress, Clearing Congress

VALENCE
1: valence means "facet of." But very properly for our uses, the definition is quite exact: It's an identity consisting of a number of fixed characteristics, reactions and mannerisms. That is a valence. From: Games Congress
2: a complete package. A valence has a bank, has all these now-I'm-supposed-to's, has skills, has disabilities, and so forth. It's just a package person. It's a package person that does not exist in fact, but is only resident in the mind and is mocked up by the pc. From: Clearing Success Congress
3: a person's personality that he borrowed off somebody else. The subject of valences is covered in "The Purpose and Need of Training Drills" and "Levels of Skill" in this lecture series. From: Freedom Congress
4: a synthetic beingness, at best, or a beingness which the pc is not, but is pretending to be or thinks he is. That beingness could have been created for him by a duplication of an existing beingness, or a synthetic beingness built up by the descriptions of somebody else. From: Clean Hands Congress
5: a synthetic personality. This is this man's belief of other men, worn by himself. It is a picture of what this fellow thought the other fellow was like. The term is used to denote the borrowing of the personality of another. From: Clearing Congress, Melbourne Congress
6: an actual or shadow personality. A shadow personality is the taking on of the physical and/or emotional characteristics or traits of another. One's own valence is his actual personality. From: London Congress on Dissemination & Help
7: literally, the word means the ability to combine with or take on parts of another. In Dianetics and Scientology, valence is an actual or shadow personality. One's own valence is his actual personality. A shadow personality is the taking on of the physical and/or emotional characteristics or traits of another. From: Ability Congress, South African Anatomy Congress, Anatomy of the Human Mind Congress

WATERSHED
1: a period when important changes or improvements happen in history. From: Melbourne Congress

WHOLE TRACK
1: the entire track of a theta being beyond (earlier than) the present life. Theta being is the preclear himself, the "I". From: Melbourne Congress

WITHHOLD
1: an overt act which is being withheld, because the person conceives that telling it would be another overt act. This is wrongheaded. By withholding overt acts, these are kept afloat in the universe and are themselves, as withholds, entirely the cause of continued evil. From: South African Anatomy Congress
2: an unspoken, unannounced transgression against a moral code by which the person was bound. From: State of Man Congress, Clean Hands Congress
3: hold back; keep in check or under restraint. From: Success Congress
4: to hold back, restrain oneself (from giving information or from action, etc.). From: Melbourne Congress

WITHHOLDS
1: instances of restraining oneself from communicating. From: Anatomy of the Human Mind Congress

WORD CLEARING
1: a technique for locating and handling (clearing) misunderstood words. There are nine methods of word clearing.

 
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